Complete Guide to the H4 Visa in the U.S.
Posted by Rohit Mittal in Immigrants | Updated on August 9, 2023
When a parent or spouse obtains their US work visa, many families find themselves dreading the idea of having to live apart from the visa holder. Many H1 visa holders want to stay with their children or spouses, and often, these dependent family members (spouses and children under 21 years of age) rely on the H1 visa holder to financially support them.
Luckily, with an H4 visa, dependent family members can join the H1 visa holder during their stay in the US. By applying for the H4 visa, these family members are granted temporary residence in the US during the time that the H1 visa-holding family member is working in the US.
Here, we put together this guide with all the information you need to know about the H4 visa and how you can apply for the visa. We have also included information on the current state of the H4 visa and some changes that may be made to the visa in the near future.
What is an H4 Visa?
An H4 visa gives spouses and children under 21 of H1B visa holders the ability to join the visa holder in the US. H4 visa holders can legally:
- Get a drivers license
- Open bank accounts
- Go to school
- Be eligible for an ITIN (Tax ID)
- Receive a social security number
Unlike most other visas, there is no cap on the number of H4 visas issued, and as of 2015, H4 visa holders can also legally work in the US.
There are also no restrictions on where an H4 visa holder can work, which means that approved applicants are not limited to a specific employer and can even consider self-employment. Many H4 visa holders have started their own businesses (with their own H4 loans), and have even hired their own employees as well.
Benefits of an H4 Visa
Obtaining an H4 visa in the U.S. opens up many doors. Once you arrive in the U.S., you can apply for a driver’s license. You can also open a bank account and apply for loans. Moreover, you can study at one of the U.S.’s many universities and even apply to transition to an H1B visa.
H4 Visa Process: How to Apply for an H4 Visa
To apply for a visa, the applicant must begin the H4 visa process and fill out a DS-160 form online and then attend their visa interview.
You will also need to complete an H4 biometrics evaluation as part of the application process.
H4 Visa Process: H4 Visa Documents
There are several H4 visa documents the applicant must bring to either prove their marital status or their dependency on the primary visa holder (H1B family member). These documents include:
- US visa interview appointment letter (emailed to you when applying for the interview)
- A valid passport
- Copy of the primary visa holder’s passport
- Photograph of the primary visa holder and applicant together
- Passport-sized photograph of the applicant
- Confirmation page of the online DS-160 form
- Visa fees receipt from the relevant bank
- A copy of the primary visa holder’s form I-797
- A letter from the primary visa holder’s employer stating the nature of the relationship between the primary visa holder and employer
- Pay stubs from the primary visa holder’s current place of work
- Original marriage certificate
- Original birth certificates of children
- Often requested but not always needed: a wedding album, wedding invitations, video of marriage proceedings, etc.
Most of these documents are required to prove that the marriage to the primary visa holder is valid. Therefore, any additional documents that will help prove the validity of the marriage would be very helpful in getting your H4 visa approved.
Prior to applying for an H4 visa, each applicant – and this includes children as well – must fill out the form DS 160. You are expected to complete and submit the form prior to your scheduled interview at the Consulate or Embassy.
What If Your H4 Visa Application Is Rejected?
It’s possible your H4 visa application will be rejected. While it would be a letdown, it’s not the end of the road. Check out our guide for what to do in case of an H4 visa rejection.
H4 Visa Interview Questions
With so much riding on the H4 visa interview, knowing the interview questions beforehand can help you prepare for this very important step.
Every interviewer is different, and there are no set of interview structures or questions. However, you can expect the questions to usually follow this pattern:
Questions about the visa
- What type of visa are you applying for?
- Why do you need an H4 visa?
- Who filed the visa application and where did you file it?
- How did you receive the documents?
Questions about yourself
- What do you plan to do in the US?
- Who do you plan on living in the US?
- Who will financially support you in the US?
- Where are you staying currently?
Questions about your marriage
- How long have you been married?
- When and how did you meet your spouse?
- Is your marriage registered?
- Did you have an arranged or love marriage?
Questions about your spouse
- What is your spouse’s birthday?
- Who is your spouse’s employer?
- What kind of work does your spouse do?
- Who is sponsoring in your spouse’s H1?
Other relevant questions
- What will you do after your visa is completed/expired?
- Do you know why you were rejected before? (If you have previously been rejected)
These are just a few of the questions your interviewer may ask. You should be prepared to answer at least these questions, if not other questions related to your marriage, your partner, and other personal topics related to visa status. Remember to answer each question truthfully and to show your attachment and dependency on your spouse.
Some people will particulate in a fake marriage to obtain a visa, so your interview should prove that you are your spouse are in fact married and have a close, loving relationship.
You can learn more about the H4 visa interview and interview questions in our complete guide.
H4 Visa EAD: Can You Work on an H4 Visa?
Beginning on May 26, 2015, select H4 visa holders became eligible to work in the U.S. To be able to work, an H4 visa holder must first apply for and be approved for an Employment Authorization Document (EAD). Additional requirements include:
- The applicant’s spouse must be in the U.S. on a valid H1B visa
- The applicant must be either the beneficiary of an I-140 OR her spouse must have extended H1B status
Advantages of H4 Visa EAD
As a result of work authorization, the H4 visa holder reaps a host of new advantages and privileges:
- The H4 visa holder may work either part-time, full-time or not at all.
- The H4 visa holder may start a business of any kind
- The H4 visa holder may continue eligibility got EAD even if employment is not sought