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H4 Visa Rejection: Why You were Rejected and What You Can Do

Updated on April 10, 2024

At a Glance

  • An H4 visa is a nonimmigrant dependent visa for individuals in the US as dependents of H-type visa holders.
  • Visa validity depends on the sponsor’s visa, granting privileges like driving, studying, financial services, and employment with an H4 EAD.
  • Eligibility requires a spouse or parent with an H visa.
  • Common reasons for H4 visa rejection include financial means, intentions to return home, and discrepancies in salary documentation; reapplication is possible.

This article was reviewed by Rohit Mittal – co-founder of Stilt, Inc, financial expert, and immigrant. To learn more about Rohit’s credentials, visit his LinkedIn, Substack, and Twitter.

Did you recently go through all the effort of filing an H4 visa application only to have your application declined? Are you perhaps wondering why the U.S. government would decline H4 visa applications? Or do you want to make extra sure you have all your bases covered before you submit your application?

Before you can start worrying about ways to finance your spouse’s H4 visa studies, you first have to ensure that their H4 visa is actually approved. Here you can find the foremost reasons why H4 visa rejection takes place in so many H4 applications. Use the information found here to gain more insight and perhaps even improve your chances of success in your next application.

What is an H4 Visa?

Before we can look into reasons for H4 visa rejection we first need to look at what an H4 visa is. An H4 visa is a nonimmigrant dependent visa. The visa does not grant you permanent residency, but it gives you the privilege to live, study, and work here (if you have an H4 EAD).

The validity of your H4 visa is dependent on the visa of its sponsor (also referred to as the principal applicant). Your H-type visa spouse or parent will be the sponsor for your H4 visa. Your visa will become invalid whenever your visa expires. Beware, you’ll also have to renew your H4 visa before it expires. Start the renewal process at least 180 days before it expires.

Here is a list of the privileges you get in the U.S. when you are the holder of a valid H4 visa:

  • You are eligible for a driver’s license
  • You have the opportunity to study (if you are looking for an H4 visa study loan take a look here)
  • You become eligible for financial services like banking and an H4 visa loan
  • You become eligible for an ITIN (Tax ID for IRS tax purposes)
  • You are allowed to work in the U.S. (provided you have an H4 EAD).

Who is Eligible for an H4 Visa?

The H4 visa is only available to certain people. You need to fulfill the eligibility criteria or else your application will face H4 visa rejection.

You will only be eligible for an H4 visa if:

  • Your spouse (of a bona fide marriage) is the holder of a type H visa, or
  • Your parent is the holder of a type H visa and you are under the age of 21.

If you are unsure about your eligibility, you can ask an immigration attorney. Also, take note that some H-type visas do not allow dependent visa holders to work in the U.S.

3 Common Reasons for H4 Visa Rejection

The last thing you want is to have an H4 visa rejection for reasons you could have avoided. So to make it easy to avoid common mistakes, here are the 3 most common reasons for H4 visa rejection.

212(a)(4) Refusal

This refusal revolves around the state poverty line. The state poverty line is a way to measure and determine whether someone can take care of their dependents. The visa sponsor (or principal applicant) must be able to take care of their H4 dependents. The application for the H4 visa will, therefore, be rejected by a 212(A)(4) refusal if the financial means of the principal applicant does not meet or exceed the state poverty line.

This is done to prevent people from becoming a financial burden or obligation to the U.S. government. People who can’t take care of themselves place pressure on the economy and are at risk of public charge (a situation where taxpayers’ money has to finance their day-to-day living).

The best way to improve your chances of success after this refusal is to prove financial means by submitting the following information for the USCIS (U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services) to consider:

  • Bank accounts that prove a sustained balance over time
  • Stocks and bonds that prove present cash value and expected earnings
  • Personal property ownership or real estate investments in the form of title deeds proving ownership

You need to convince the USCIS that the principal applicant has the means to take care of the intended visa beneficiary and that they won’t become a risk to public charge.

214(b) Refusal

The 214(b) refusal focuses on the visa beneficiary’s intentions after visiting the U.S. The USCIS wants to see that you fulfill three eligibility requirements – that you:

  1. Intend to return to your home country following a temporary stay in the U.S.
  2. Have the financial means to afford the trip to the U.S. without the need to seek unauthorized employment whilst staying here
  3. Intend to use the visa for legitimate purposes allowed by your visa category.

The consular officer presiding over the case regards the H4 visa applicant as an immigrant (meaning you intend to settle in the U.S.) until you convince them otherwise by proving you are a nonimmigrant. You can prove you are a nonimmigrant by supplying sufficient reason to return to your home country. Reasons can be having family back home or social, economic, and other overall circumstances that prove your intentions to move back.

221(g) Refusal

Before we go deeper into this matter it is important that you understand the following. Before your spouse or parent got their job in the U.S. it was sent to the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) for LCA (Labor Condition Approval). According to the LCA requirements, the salary for the job can’t be lower than the prevailing wage for the specific area in which the job is performed.

So at the end of each year, the employer sends a W2 form for all its employees detailing their income. But the problem arises when the W2 form’s income is lower than the salary posted on the LCA used to approve the job for the H1B visa holder.

You’ll get a 221(g) refusal if the principal applicant’s yearly salary on their form W2 is lower than the salary on the LCA. Your best advice in such a situation would come from an immigration attorney. They will help you reapply for the H4 visa with greater success. The key is to always tell the truth. You need to find a way to convince the consular officer why the W2 income is lower than the LCA salary and hopefully, they will find a way to legitimately grant you an H4 visa.

Can an H4 Visa be Reapplied for After Refusal?

Assuming you didn’t break the law whilst in the U.S. and that the visa status of your principal applicant still remains valid, you can reapply for an H4 visa after an H4 visa rejection. So an H4 visa rejection is not an automatic end of your plans.

Where someone has broken U.S. immigration law they will be barred from future applications, however. These immigration bans can be for either a temporary period or a lifetime. It depends on the decision of the immigration court.

Read More

Conclusion

The different types of H4 visa rejections have different impacts on your immigration attempts. The way you approach each type of refusal will depend on your unique situation. Ask an immigration attorney to guide you through your immigration process if you are encountering difficult obstacles.

H4 visa refusal does not mean the end of your immigration attempts, however. Prove that you haven’t broken the conditions of your visa or the law and reapply for your visa with a stronger application. Eliminate the problems in your previous attempts and rejoin your family in the U.S.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

What is an H4 Visa Rejection?

An H4 visa rejection refers to the denial of an application for an H4 visa, which is a dependent visa category for the spouses and unmarried children (under 21 years old) of H1B visa holders. The rejection means that the applicant was not granted the H4 visa they applied for.

Why Might an H4 Visa Application be Rejected?

H4 visa applications can be rejected for various reasons, including:

  • Incomplete or incorrect application forms
  • Insufficient supporting documentation
  • Failure to meet eligibility criteria
  • Ineligibility due to past immigration violations or criminal issues
  • Administrative errors or issues with the application process

It’s essential to carefully review the application requirements and ensure all necessary documents are included.

What Can I Do if My H4 Visa is Rejected?

If your H4 visa application is rejected, you have several options:

  1. Reapply: You can choose to reapply for the H4 visa by addressing the reasons for the rejection and providing additional documentation if necessary.
  2. Seek Legal Advice: Consulting with an immigration attorney can help you understand the reasons for the rejection and determine the best course of action.
  3. Appeal: In some cases, you may have the option to appeal the rejection decision. This process can be complex and may require legal assistance.

How Long Does It Take to Receive a Decision on an H4 Visa Application?

The processing time for H4 visa applications can vary depending on factors such as the U.S. embassy or consulate’s workload and the applicant’s individual circumstances. It is advisable to check the estimated processing times for the specific location where you are applying.

Can I Apply for an H4 Visa Again After Rejection?

Yes, you can reapply for an H4 visa after a rejection. However, it is essential to address the reasons for the rejection and ensure that your new application is complete and accurate. Providing additional documentation or clarifications may also be necessary.

Is There a Specific Waiting Period After H4 Visa Rejection Before Reapplying?

There is typically no specific waiting period required after an H4 visa rejection before reapplying. You can submit a new application as soon as you have addressed the issues that led to the rejection and believe you meet the eligibility criteria.

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