The Complete Guide to U.S. Jobs for Canadian Citizens

Updated on March 27, 2024

Canada and the United States have always enjoyed an amicable relationship as neighbors. Crossing over the borders is relatively easy as long as you hold a valid US/Canada passport. However, when it comes to immigration for employment purposes, a visa is a mandatory requirement. Canadian residents are not allowed to apply for a US work visa on their own. It has to be sponsored by the employer. So you must have a job offer from a US employer to migrate to the United States from Canada.

At a Glance

  • Canadian citizens can work in the United States with proper work authorization.
  • Work authorization depends on factors such as education, sector of employment, and job type.
  • Popular work visa options for Canadians include H1-B, TN, L-1, and O-1 visas.
  • Opportunities are abundant in fields like sciences, medicine, teaching, and various other professions.

Can I Work in the US as a Canadian Citizen?

The short answer is yes. With proper work authorization, Canadian residents can accept employment in the United States. There are several categories of work authorization available to foreign nationals. The type of work authorization would depend on the applicant’s educational qualification, the sector of employment, and type of job.

The United States extends a number of work visa permits to allow the immigrant community to be lawfully employed. H1-B visa, TN visa, L-1 visa, and O-1 visa are the most popular choices among Canadian citizens who are interested to work in America.

US Jobs for Canadian Citizens in the Sciences

The US is often dubbed as the ‘Land of Opportunities’. This is especially true for employment aspirants from a science background. From scientists to engineers, IT professionals, agriculturists, chemists, geologists, mathematicians, and meteorologists – the opportunities are endless, provided you possess the right credentials and skill set.

Your educational qualification and professional experience would play a significant role in the final selection procedure. The right candidates can rest assured to have a bright career in the United States. Here’s a glimpse of promising science disciplines that offer employment opportunities in the United States.

  • Engineer – baccalaureate degree or state/provincial license
  • Scientist
  • Agriculturist (including agronomist) – baccalaureate degree
  • Animal Breeder – baccalaureate degree
  • Animal Scientist – baccalaureate degree
  • Apiculturist – baccalaureate degree
  • Astronomer – baccalaureate degree
  • Biochemist – baccalaureate degree
  • Biologist – baccalaureate degree
  • Chemist – baccalaureate degree
  • Dairy Scientist – baccalaureate degree
  • Entomologist – baccalaureate degree
  • Epidemiologist – baccalaureate degree
  • Geneticist – baccalaureate degree
  • Geochemist – baccalaureate degree
  • Geologist – baccalaureate degree
  • Geophysicist (including Oceanographer in Mexico or the U.S.) – baccalaureate degree
  • Horticulturist – baccalaureate degree
  • Meteorologist – baccalaureate degree
  • Pharmacologist – baccalaureate degree
  • Physicist (including Oceanographer in Canada) – baccalaureate degree
  • Plant Breeder – baccalaureate degree
  • Poultry Science – baccalaureate degree
  • Soil Scientist – baccalaureate degree
  • Zoologist – baccalaureate degree
  • Research Assistant (working in a post-secondary educational institution) – baccalaureate degree
  • Sylviculturist (including forestry specialist) – baccalaureate degree

US Jobs for Canadian Citizens in Medicine

The United States is in a league of its own when it comes to medical science. It is regarded as one of the leading providers of health and medicine-related services.

The medical industry is always looking for extraordinary talents from across the world. Medical professionals looking for a job in the United States would be spoilt for choices considering the diverse array of specialized domains.

General physicians, surgeons, paramedics, dentists, registered nurses, veterinarians, pathologists, nutritionists – you can be assured to get a highly specialized job if you meet the eligibility criteria. Let’s take a look at some of the brightest career prospects in medical science in the USA.

  • Medical/Allied Professional
  • Physician (teaching and/or research only) – M.D., or state/provincial license
  • Dentist – D.D.S., D.M.D., or state/provincial license
  • Occupational Therapist – baccalaureate degree or state/provincial license
  • Pharmacist – baccalaureate degree or state/provincial license
  • Physio/Physical Therapist – baccalaureate degree or state/provincial license
  • Recreational Therapist – baccalaureate degree
  • Registered Nurse – state or provincial license
  • Veterinarian – D.V.M., D.M.V., or state/provincial license
  • Medical Technologist – baccalaureate degree of post-secondary diploma and 3 years experience* 
  • Lawyer – L.L.B., J.D., L.L.L., B.C.L., or Licencuature degree (five years) or membership in a state/provincial bar
  • Technical Publications Writer – baccalaureate degree (C.P.A., C.A., C.G.A., or C.M.A.) of post-secondary diploma and 3 years experience
  • Accountant
  • Nutritionist – baccalaureate degree
  • Dietician – baccalaureate degree or state/provincial license
  • Psychologist – state/provincial license

* Must be seeking entry to perform chemical, biological, hematological, immunologic, microscopic, and bacteriological tests, procedures, experiments, and analysis in laboratories for diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.

US Jobs for Canadian Citizens in Teaching

America can be a good choice for wannabe teachers. In fact, a significant percentage of Canadian immigrants to the US are employed in the education sector. Teaching is considered a respectable profession in the USA.

When it comes to job satisfaction, the education sector has an enviable track record. From primary school teachers to college lecturers and university professors, you can easily find a suitable position depending upon your educational qualification, experience, skill, and preference.

  • College – baccalaureate degree
  • University – baccalaureate degree
  • Seminary – baccalaureate degree

US Jobs for Canadian Citizens Other Professions

The above-mentioned domains are just the tip of the iceberg. The US job market is as diverse and versatile as it can get. If you come from some other professional background, don’t worry. There are ample job opportunities to satisfy a wide array of professions.

You just name it and the US has got it covered. It’s not for no reason that people from all over the world dream about a career in the United States.

  • Architect – baccalaureate degree or state/provincial license
  • Technical Publications Writer – baccalaureate degree or post-secondary diploma and 3 years experience
  • Urban Planner – baccalaureate degree
  • Vocational Counselor – baccalaureate degree
  • Economist – baccalaureate degree
  • Social Worker – baccalaureate degree
  • Mathematician – baccalaureate degree
  • Hotel Manager – baccalaureate degree or post-secondary diploma and three years experience
  • Industrial Designer – baccalaureate degree or post-secondary diploma and three years experience
  • Interior Designer – baccalaureate degree or post-secondary diploma and three years experience
  • Librarian – M.L.S. or B.L.S. (for which another baccalaureate degree was a prerequisite)
  • Animal Breeder – baccalaureate degree
  • Range Manager (range conservationist) – baccalaureate degree
  • Forester – baccalaureate degree, or state/provincial license
  • Graphic Designer – baccalaureate degree, or post-secondary diploma and three years experience
  • Land Surveyor – baccalaureate degree or state/provincial/federal license
  • Landscape Architect – baccalaureate degree
  • Computer Systems Analyst – baccalaureate degree, or post-secondary diploma and 3 years experience
  • Psychologist – state/provincial license

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Can Canadian citizens legally work in the U.S.?

Yes, Canadian citizens can legally work in the U.S. under certain visas and employment authorizations, such as the TN visa under NAFTA, H-1B visas, L-1 visas, and other employment-based visa categories.

What is a TN Visa and who qualifies for it?

The TN Visa, created under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), allows Canadian citizens to work in prearranged business activities for U.S. or foreign employers. Qualified professionals like engineers, lawyers, scientists, and teachers are eligible.

How does a Canadian citizen apply for an H-1B visa?

To apply for an H-1B visa, a Canadian citizen must have a job offer from a U.S. employer in a specialty occupation that typically requires a bachelor’s degree or higher. The U.S. employer must submit a petition to USCIS on behalf of the employee.

Are there specific industries or jobs where Canadian citizens are more likely to find opportunities in the U.S.?

Canadian citizens often find opportunities in industries such as technology, healthcare, engineering, and education, particularly under specialized visa categories like TN and H-1B.

What is the process for obtaining a Green Card as a Canadian citizen?

Obtaining a Green Card, or permanent residency, typically involves an employer-sponsored petition, family sponsorship, or through the Diversity Immigrant Visa Program. The process includes application submission, interviews, and background checks.

Do Canadian citizens need a Social Security Number to work in the U.S.?

Yes, Canadian citizens working in the U.S. need a Social Security Number (SSN). They can apply for an SSN once they have secured the appropriate visa that allows them to work in the U.S.

Can Canadian citizens work in the U.S. on a tourist visa?

No, Canadian citizens cannot legally work in the U.S. while on a tourist visa. They must obtain the appropriate work visa or employment authorization.

How long can a Canadian citizen stay and work in the U.S.?

The duration a Canadian citizen can stay and work in the U.S. depends on the type of visa. For example, TN visas can be granted for up to three years and can be renewed, while H-1B visas can initially be for up to six years.

What are the tax implications for Canadian citizens working in the U.S.?

Canadian citizens working in the U.S. are subject to U.S. income tax on their U.S.-sourced income. They may also need to file taxes in Canada, depending on their residency status and income. It’s advisable to consult with a tax expert.

Can Canadian citizens bring their family while working in the U.S.?

Yes, Canadian citizens can bring their family (spouse and unmarried children under 21) on derivative visas like the TD visa for TN visa holders. The family members’ ability to work will depend on their specific visa category.

I agree to have my personal information transfered to MailChimp ( more information )
Join over 100,000 visitors who are receiving our newsletter and learn more about finance, immigration, and more!
We hate spam. Your email address will not be sold or shared with anyone else.

Frank Gogol

I’m a firm believer that information is the key to financial freedom. On the Stilt Blog, I write about the complex topics — like finance, immigration, and technology — to help immigrants make the most of their lives in the U.S. Our content and brand have been featured in Forbes, TechCrunch, VentureBeat, and more.

Check your loan offer in minutes

Apply for a loan with 100+ partners with one application. It takes only 2 mins and doesn’t impact your credit score.

*checking your rate doesn’t impact your credit score

Get the Checklist