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Complete Guide to the B1 Visa

Updated on April 10, 2024

At a Glance

  • The B1 visa, or business visa, is issued by the United States for individuals traveling for business purposes.
  • It allows activities such as negotiating contracts, making investments, consulting business associates, or attending conferences.
  • Eligibility criteria include demonstrating intent for legitimate business activities, having sufficient funds, maintaining ties to the home country, and meeting other requirements.
  • The application process involves completing Form DS-160, paying fees, scheduling an interview, and submitting supporting documents. The initial validity is six months, with the possibility of extension. It does not lead directly to a green card, and dependent visas are not available.

The United States of America is among the topmost countries for doing business. To back that up, it is ranked 6th in the World Bank’s “Ease of Doing Business” ranking. So there’s no wonder many people want to come to the U.S. to do business apart from studying, working, and traveling for leisure.

If you’re one of those business travelers, then you must be curious about the B1 visa. In this article, we will explain what this visa is all about and how to obtain it.

Check out our video guide “USA Tourist Visa Interview Questions and Answers” or read on to learn more!

What Is a B1 Visa?

The B1 visa is among the many immigration-related visas issued by the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) to visitors coming into the U.S.

The B1 visa, also known as the business visa, is issued specifically to business travelers. When we say business travelers, we mean individuals who are either negotiating contracts, making investments, consulting a business associate, or attending conferences and business events within the U.S.

The biggest benefit of receiving a B1 visa is having the ability to develop a business relationship with the world’s most powerful economy. The renewals are flexible, and you can fly in and out of the U.S. as many times as you want.

However, you do need to meet the eligibility criteria and follow certain guidelines to get a B1 visa issued in your name.

U.S. Business Visa Eligibility Criteria

Not all visitors coming into the U.S. are considered business travelers. They must qualify based on the definition provided by the USCIS. A business traveler is someone who will be participating in commercial or business-related activities in the U.S. As a B1 visa applicant, you must demonstrate that:

  • Your main objective for entering the U.S. is to be involved in legitimate business practices.
  • You do not intend to settle in the U.S. In other words, you will only be staying for a certain period of time.
  • You possess sufficient funds for covering your travel, accommodation, and business expenses while you’re in the U.S.
  • You have a residence outside of the U.S. that you do not wish to abandon. Also, you do not intend to abandon other bonding ties that you have with your native country.
  • You have no other restrictions imposed on you for entering the U.S.

After successfully fulfilling the above criteria, you will be required to submit forms and attend interviews (which we go over later in this article).

Visa Waiver Program

Certain individuals may not even need to apply for a business visa to travel to America to conduct business. Citizens of countries included in the Visa Waiver Program need not apply for a B1 visa. Instead, they can apply for the ESTA or Electronic System for Travel Authorization. This is a much faster and easier process, and you won’t have to visit the U.S. Embassy in person.

Certain B1 Visa Cases Require EAD

EAD stands for Employment Authorization Document, and it is issued to people who are looking to work in the U.S. Even if you are coming into the U.S. for business reasons, you may still be required to have an EAD with you. There are three particular cases where it is applicable:

  1. You are a personal or domestic servant accompanying an employer who falls into a B, E, F, H, I, J, L, or TN nonimmigrant classification.
  2. You are a domestic servant of a U.S. citizen who is stationed outside the U.S. and visits the country temporarily.
  3. You are an employee of a foreign airline. Click here for more information on this.

How to Apply for a B1 Visa

After checking the eligibility criteria and knowing which category you fall into, it’s time to apply for a B1 visa. Temporary visitors coming into the U.S., either for business or travel, are granted a visitor visa.

For that, you need to complete Form DS-160, Online Nonimmigrant Visa Application. This form has replaced all other forms which were used to obtain a visitor visa, namely, DS-156, DS-157, DS-158, and DS-3032. Here are the steps involved:

Complete Form DS-160

Form DS-160 must be completed online and submitted in the portal itself. To access the form, visit the Consular Electronic Application Center Website. From the drop-down menu, select the country you are applying from (your native country).

Before you begin the application, make sure you have all the information and documents you will need. Scanned copies of your passport, business registration, invitation documents, travel itinerary, and dates of your last five visits to the U.S. will be asked for.

MoIt is mandatory to answer most of the questions. Optional questions will be marked accordingly, most likely with an asterisk. The questions asked will be straightforward, albeit lengthy. So you need to keep a few hours available to complete form DS-160 online. It is crucial to be thorough since forms containing errors or incomplete forms will be rejected.

Pay the Visa Fees

All applicants must pay a fee to obtain this visa either by a credit card or other form of online banking. You also have to pay visa issuance fees, which vary from country to country. After you have processed the payments, make sure to keep the receipt.

Schedule an Interview

Every applicant aged between 14 and 79 is required to attend an interview at the U.S. embassy. If you fall into that age category, you have to schedule an interview after you have completed the online application. This is available as soon as you complete the online process. You have to call the embassy to schedule it. They will then send you a confirmation letter detailing the time and date of your interview.

Prepare Your B1 Documents

Once your interview is scheduled, you need to gather the necessary documents. You have to present these documents to support your application. The documents typically required for a B1 visa are:

  • Form DS-160, confirmation page, and bar code
  •  Your valid passport
  • The social media accounts you use currently
  • Interview confirmation letter
  • Photos which comply with U.S. visa photo guidelines
  • A letter detailing the purpose of your visit
  •  Bank statements
  •  Documents detailing ties to your native country (properties, job contracts, lease, bonds)
  • Criminal or background check records
  • Documents detailing prior visits to the U.S. (if you have been to the U.S. before)
  • Payslips for the last three months (if you are employed)
  • A letter from your employer detailing the visit

Attend Your Interview

Lastly, visit the U.S. embassy with all the documents on the day of your scheduled appointment. It is advised to arrive at least 30 minutes early.

B1 Visa Cost

The application fee for the B1 visa is $160, which is non-refundable and non-transferable. Then, there is a visa issuance fee, among other fees that need are incurred separately. This varies from country to country.

B1 Business Visa Processing Time

There isn’t a particular time frame offered by the USCIS for processing your B1 visa application. This largely depends on the relationship your country has with the U.S. and seasonal workload. But you will be notified for every stage of the process via email.

How Long Is the B1 Visa Valid?

The B1 visa is initially valid for six months. The USCIS assumes that six months is enough for you to complete your business needs. But this can be extended.

B1 Visa Extension

To extend your B1 visa, you need to get a letter from your employer or the company you are involved with. This should detail the reason for the extension and the time frame. So you need to work with your employer on your extension. Depending on the scenario, you can get another six months or more.

B1 Visa to Green Card

Since you agreed that you do not intend to stay in the U.S. beyond your visa expiration, you will not be able to get a green card directly through this visa. But to get a green card, you need to:

  • Have family in the U.S. who you can join.
  • Marry a U.S.-based citizen and get permanent residence.
  • Get a job with a U.S.-based organization that will be willing to sponsor your H1B visa.

One of the downsides of the B1 visa is that there are no dependent visa categories available for this. This means you, as a B1 visa holder, cannot bring in your spouse, children, or relatives as dependents into the U.S. You have to separately apply for a B2 tourist visa for each one of them.

Read More


When applying for a business visa, remember that there were certain types of business visas previously in use but are now not in existence. The BEP or Business Executive Program is one such visa. So, apply only for a B1 visa if you are a business traveler.

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Frank Gogol

I’m a firm believer that information is the key to financial freedom. On the Stilt Blog, I write about the complex topics — like finance, immigration, and technology — to help immigrants make the most of their lives in the U.S. Our content and brand have been featured in Forbes, TechCrunch, VentureBeat, and more.

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